Building Maintenance

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Before After

The City of Charlottesville’s Code of Ordinancesnew window icon(Section 5-26) requires that buildings be kept in good repair and adopts both the Virginia Maintenance Codenew window icon(formerly Part III of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code) and the International Property Maintenance Codenew window iconas the minimum maintenance standards for existing structures. All buildings are required to meet certain standards relating to sanitation, safety, and security.


A possible violation is reported to the City by a citizen or spotted during a neighborhood sweep.

If the complaint came from a tenant regarding their housing unit, an inspection is scheduled with the tenant to investigate the unit and determine what, if any, violations of the Virginia Maintenance Code may exist.

If violations are found, they are photographed for documentation, and the severity of the violations determines what time for correction will be allowed:

  • If emergency conditions exist which render the structure unsafe, as little as 24 hours or as much as 5 days may be allowed for temporary measures to be taken to make the structure safe, and after the time specified in the notice expires, the City will take any necessary action for making the structure safe, with costs billed to the property owner.
  • If the violations are of a more minor sort, 14 days will be the standard time for correction.

The inspector will update the inspection records reflecting the violations found.

All notices regarding building maintenance violations will be sent to the owner(s) of record via certified mail, and except for emergency situations, there will be a 14-day period for appeal if the property owner believes there is some error in the application of the code.

After the time for correction has expired, the inspector will perform a re-inspection to determine if the violations have been corrected.

If the violations have been corrected, the case is closed and the records updated to reflect correction.

If the violations have not been corrected, the inspector will seek a warrant for the property owner for a failure to comply with the orders of the Building Maintenance Code Official.

The inspector updates the file and prepares contract for boarding, demolition, or repair of the structure when necessary.

The inspector re-inspects the property for compliance.

The case is closed and city staff begins the billing or the lien process for demolition.

Please note that it may take several weeks for the process to play out before the violation is actually abated. During this time, the City is actively pursuing abatement of the violation, and we appreciate your patience.


To report a violation, call Neighborhood Development Services at (434) 970-3182 and provide the address or general location of the violation so that your call may be forwarded to the appropriate inspector for that area.


If you were cited for a violation and would like to speak with an inspector, please call Neighborhood Development Services at (434) 970-3182 and request to speak with the inspector who issued the notice. Our goal is to obtain voluntary compliance, and therefore most reasonable requests for extra time or for referrals for special assistance are granted, whenever possible.