State and National Historic Register Districts in Charlottesville
Charlottesville has several State and National Register historic districts. Not to be confused with local historic districts, Virginia Landmarks Register and National Register of Historic Places listings are honorary. Qualifying buildings may be eligible for federal and state Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credits.
Charlottesville/Albemarle County Courthouse Historic District
The Rugby Road-University Corner Historic District
Fifeville and Tonsler Neighborhoods Historic District
Fry's Spring Historic District
Martha Jefferson Historic District
Oakhurst-Gildersleeve Neighborhood Historic District
Ridge Street Historic District
University of Virginia Historic District
Wertland Street Historic District
Woolen Mills Village Historic District
Architectural surveys of several of Charlottesville’s historic neighborhoods were conducted in the 1970s and 1980s. These surveys involved filling out landmark survey forms, as well as gathering photographs, newspaper articles and deed information. The deed data provides the names of people who previously owned these properties - a valuable resource for researchers interested in genealogy.
The forms are gradually being posted online by historic district starting with the Charlottesville/Albemarle County Courthouse Historic District. Each district has an index with links to photos, forms, and articles available for each structure.
Researching Historic Buildings
For more information about investigating the history of a structure or site, see the research guide below:
Researching Historic Buildings and Neighborhoods
Virginia Landmarks Register
The Virginia Landmarks Register is an honorary list of the state’s documented significant historic resources. This list provides formal recognition of the Commonwealth’s most prominent historic resources while placing no restrictions on the property owner. All properties listed on the State Register are nominated to the National Register. A State Register listing may qualify property owners for state tax credits for rehabilitation. These incentives include a 25 percent credit on the cost of rehabilitation of a residential or commercial building, whether or not the building is income-producing.
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places, established by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, is the nation’s official listing of historical significant districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects. After qualifying at the state level, nominated properties are then forwarded to the National Register of Historic Places to be approved for listing nationally. A National Register listing may qualify property owners for federal tax credits for rehabilitation. These incentives include a 20 percent credit on the cost of rehabilitation of income producing historic properties.
Multiple Property Documentation and Nominations to the National Register of Historic Places (1996)
- The Meriwether Lewis and William Clark Sculpture
- The Thomas Jonathan Jackson Sculpture
- The Robert Edward Lee Sculpture
- The George Rogers Clark Sculpture
Slideshow of National Register and Locally protected districts and individual properties created for the Virginia Statewide Neighborhood Conference by Kristin Rourke and Madeleine Hawks
Virginia Department of Historic Resources – Incentives and Grants
Virginia Department of Historic Resources – Past News
Virginia Department of Historic Resources – Federal and State Tax Credits for Rehabilitation