Woolen Mills Historic District
The Woolen Mills Village historic district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 12, 2010, and on the Virginia Landmarks Register on December 17, 2009.
The National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register (“National and State Registers”) provide recognition for Virginia’s and the Nation’s most significant districts and buildings. A National and State Register district designation is honorary and does not impose regulations.
Contributing properties within this district are eligible for tax credits for rehabilitation. See the VA Department of Historic Resources web site for more information on tax credits.
The historic district comprises of properties fronting East Market Street, with Leake Lane serving as the western boundary while Moore’s Creek forms the eastern edge. The district also includes properties along Chesapeake Street, 18th Street, Steephill Street, Marchant Street, and Pireus Row. This district incorporates properties both in the City of Charlottesville and Albemarle County, which is unusual if not unique for a historic district in the state.
The Charlottesville Woolen Mills served as an important textile manufacturing facility until its closure in 1962. The earliest milling activities on site can be cited to the 1840s. The residential community that grew around the mill largely served factory workers. However, many homes were constructed independently by workers rather than being built as rented company housing, a model that is significantly different from many milling communities in the country.