(User-friendly URL: This webpage can be reached at www.charlottesville.org/composting)
Always wanted to start composting but...
... don’t have the space? ... don’t know how to get started? ... worried about the smell? ... not sure what you can compost?
Local composting drop-off programs and our 'Composting at Home' guide are here to help! See below for:
- NEW PILOT: Compost Drop-Off Program
- Where to Compost
- How to Compost
- Why Compost
- How Composting Works
The City of Charlottesville is launching a new pilot program to extend composting service year-round. Beginning in the Downtown area as a transition from the City Market Composting season, this is a free subscription service open to city residents. Composting bins will be located at an easily accessible location, and each bin will be locked. If this pilot program is successful, we will expand the program as possible and look to add more locations.
Residents sign up, are assigned to a specific composting bin and given the lock code for that bin. Participants can then drop off their compost at their convenience using the lock code for access.
What’s Different from the City Market Composting Program?
All of the same items are accepted as at the City Market Composting location. This will be an unstaffed location, so participants will need to email or call us with any questions. We also ask that participants let us know if they see non-compostable items in the composting bin, if the bin is close to full, or anything else amiss. We will provide a starter set of compostable plastic bags, after which participants will need to supply their own.
Interested in Participating?
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or 434-970-3506 with the following information:
- Phone number
- Email Address
Thank you for supporting composting in Charlottesville!
Note: Participation in this pilot Compost Drop-Off Program is dependent on availability and is offered on a first come, first serve basis. Should the program meet its maximum limit, a wait list will be compiled (also on a first come, first serve basis). Once we have received the above information from those interested, we will confirm your participation and provide the necessary access information.
Where to Compost
Drop-Off Services: These services collect compostable items at drop-off locations and process it at certified commercial composting facilities.
WILL START AGAIN IN APRIL, 2019
Drop-off composting service and advice/assistance at the Composting Station
Saturdays 7am to Noon, April through October, at the City Market
Provided by the Rivanna Solid Waste Authority, a composting drop-off service is being offered at the McIntire Recycling Center. Open every day (except for Tuesdays), this drop-off location has the same Do's and Don'ts as the City Market program.
Summer Hours (March-November): 8:30AM-6:30PM
Winter Hours (November-March): 8:30AM-5:30PM
If you have access to a garden or yard, you can backyard compost at home. It can be as easy as layering your food scraps with tree leaves and letting the pile sit. Depending on what yard waste you have, this could be a good option for disposing of it.
Learn more on our Backyard Composting webpage.
Curbside Pick-Up Services
Curbside pick-up services are available as a contract service in the Charlottesville area. In the fall and winter, the City offers free curbside pick-up for leaves, which are taken to a local farm and composted.
How to Compost
Composting at Home Guide
Tips on how to collect compostable materials at home, what materials to collect, and whether backyard composting or a drop-off program are best for you.
Composting is an excellent way to recycle kitchen and garden waste. It is very easy to build your own compost bin and use the compost to help your garden grow, without resorting to the use of additional fertilizers which can have a detrimental effect on the environment.
How Composting Works
Composting is the decomposition of materials that originated from animals and plants. These organic materials can be things such as plant trimmings, vegetable cuttings, eggshells and teabags.
The end result of composting is a dark, crumbly organic matter that can be used as fertilizer in garden soil.
The composting is performed by various bacteria, fungi and insects which naturally inhabit soil - they break down the material in aerobic conditions, which means it is a process which occurs with little oxygen present. These organisms generate heat as they decompose the organic matter you have added, and break it into fine particles. Composting is nature's own method of waste disposal and soil fertilization.
Applying compost to soils provides an excellent conditioner and mulch, which fertilizes and provides soil structure, retains moisture and can restrict weed growth. Making your own compost from organic waste is a cheaper and more environmentally friendly alternative to the peat based compost extracted from wildlife sites. Composting also saves food waste from going into the landfill, or from going into the waste disposal.
The stages of composting:
- Firstly, add organic materials to your compost bin - see above for a list of recommended (and not recommended!) items.
- The various bacteria and fungi quickly work to break down the soft material.
- This process causes the inside of compost pile to heat up - to around 140oF (60°C).
- Once a lot of the initial work is done by these micro organisms, the compost pile will cool down, to around 80oF.
- Small creatures such as worms then break down the tougher material.
- The whole composting process usually takes between 3 – 9 months, and results in a nutrient-rich fertilizer to use in your yard.
- The compost that is ready to use is best taken from the bottom of the pile, which allows the rest of the pile to continue to be worked upon by the worms and other insects.