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Architectural Design Control District and Individually Protected Property Information

WHAT IS AN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN CONTROL (ADC) DISTRICT?

In Charlottesville historic resources may be designated as part of a historic district, or may be individually designated.  An Architectural Design Control district, often referred to as an ADC or local historic district, is a group of historic resources that are designated for protection through zoning.  The goal of local designation is to identify and preserve buildings, structures, landscapes, settings, neighborhoods, places, and features with historic, cultural and architectural significance; to protect visible reminders of the historic, cultural, architectural, or archaeological heritage of the city; to ensure that new buildings, additions, and landscaping will be in harmony with the existing character; to maintain property values; and to promote tourism and quality of life.

All properties designated within a local ADC district are subject to review by the Board of Architectural Review (BAR) for any exterior changes including demolitions. This ensures a public notification and review process before changes can be made to a protected property. 

Historic properties may also be recognized on the Virginia Landmarks Register or the National Register of Historic Places.  State or National designation is an honorary recognition that, unlike local designation, does not impose any review restrictions.  A significant benefit of State or National designation is that contributing properties located within a State or National district may qualify for income tax credits for rehabilitation work. 

Locally protected resources include a range of building types including residences, commercial establishments, religious properties, warehouses and theaters.  There are currently eight ADC districts in Charlottesville: Downtown, North Downtown, Ridge Street, West Main Street, The Corner, Wertland Street, Oakhurst- Gildersleeve Neighborhood, and Rugby Road-University Circle-Venable Neighborhood.

2012 Map of ADC Districts and Individually Protected Properties

EXISTING ADC DISTRICTS

INDIVIDUALLY DESIGNATED PROPERTIES

In Charlottesville historic resources may be designated as part of a historic district, or may be individually designated.  Individual properties are designated for protection through zoning because City Council has determined them to be of special historic, cultural, or architectural value.

All Individually Protected Properties are subject to review by the Board of Architectural Review (BAR) for any exterior changes including demolitions. This ensures a public notification and review process before changes can be made to a protected property. 

Individual historic properties may also be recognized on the Virginia Landmarks Register or the National Register of Historic Places.  State or National designation is an honorary recognition that, unlike local designation, does not impose any review restrictions.  A significant benefit of State or National designation is that such properties may qualify for income tax credits for rehabilitation work. 

Charlottesville currently has 74 Individually Protected Properties as follows:

Address Name of Property
759 Belmont Avenue Belmont
123 Bollingwood Road Disney-Keith House

1102 Carlton Avenue

Young Building

133-155 Carlton Road (part) Coal Tower
907 Cottage Lane B.W. Rosser Cottage #1
908 Cottage Lane Rugby
909 Cottage Lane Rosser Cottage #2
513 Dice Street Shackelford-Bannister House
402 Dice Street Barksdale-Totty House or The Grove
406 Dice Street Tyree Thomas House
410 Dice Street Elijah Thomas House
412 Dice Street Ferrell House

210 Eighth Street, NE

Carter-Gilmer Outbuildings                                             

901 Emmet Street (part) Wachovia Bank (former National Bank & Trust branch)
200 Fifteenth Street, NW Cottage at Hillcrest Apartments
205 Fifth Street, SW Brand-Edwards House
217 Fifth Street, SW Barksdale-Coles-Hailstock House
301 Fifth Street, SW Shelton-Fuller House
418 Fifth Street, SW Hawkins-Wondree House
201 Fourteenth Street, NW King-Runkle House
223 Fourth Street, SW Smith-Reaves House
1602 Gordon Avenue Dabney-Thompson House
946 Grady Avenue (part) former Monticello Dairy Building
1022 Grove Street Gardner-Mays Cottage
700 Harris Street Armstrong Knitting Factory
204 Hartman's Mill Road George T. Nimmo House
208 Hartman's Mill Road James D. Nimmo-Simms House
801 High Street, East C.D. Fishburne House
1404 Jefferson Park Avenue Barringer Mansion
2115 Jefferson Park Avenue former Fry's Spring Service Station
1201 Jefferson Street, East The Farm
800 Jefferson Street, East Carter Gilmer House
901 Jefferson Street, East Leitch-Haden House
1615 Keith Valley Road Keith House
114 Lankford Avenue Robert Goins House

214 Lankford Avenue

Howard-Jackson House

459 Locust Avenue (part) Patterson Wing of Martha Jefferson Hospital
700 Lyons Avenue Napoleon House
810 Locust Avenue Locust Grove
610 Lyons Court Lyons House
706 Lyons Court Lane Lyons House Carriage House
1118 Market Street, East The Willow Cottage House
1512 Market Street East Timberlake-Branham House
1819 Market Street, East Woolen Mills Chapel
1901 Market Street, East Pireus Store
224 Ninth Street, SW Nals House
501 Ninth Street, SW Oaklawn
1105 Park Street Hard Bargain
1108 Park Street Geiger-Coles House
1112 Park Street Finch-McGee Cottage
608 Preston Avenue King Lumber Co. Warehouse
722 Preston Avenue (part) Coca-Cola Bottling Co.
1010 Preston Avenue The Rock House
605 Preston Place Wyndhurst
611 Preston Place Preston-Norris Cottage / Wyndhurst Servants Quarters
620 Prospect Avenue / 105 University Manor Robert L. Updike House
752 Ridge Street Hoppe-Humphrey-Ferron House
818 Ridge Street Joseph Brown House
1328 Riverdale Drive Riverdale
202 Riverside Avenue House at Pireus
212 Rosser Avenue Holy Temple Church of God
1204 Rugby Road / 1719 Mason Lane Stonefield
1314 Rugby Road Four Acres
204 Seventh Street, SW Hawkins-Lee House
208 Seventh Street, SW Hawkins-Parker House
201 Sixth Street, NW Parker House
327 Sixth Street, SW Benjamin Tonsler House
209-211 Sprigg Lane Morea
214 Stribling Avenue Huntley Hall
134 Tenth Street NW former Coca-Cola Bottling Works
309 Twelfth Street, NE Nicholas Lewis House
1 University Court Turner-LaRowe House
603 Watson Avenue Enderly
212 Wine Street Monticello Wine Company House

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